This page is improperly set up.

Chronology data should be put on the appropriate chronology page ("Chronology of call letters XETV") .

Other material must be reorganized into appropriate categories of articles.

Tijuana, Baja California -

San Diego, California San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area

Branding San Diego 6 (general)

San Diego 6 News (news) SD6 (abbreviated)

Slogan Your Station for Balanced News
Channels Analog: 6 (VHF)

Digital: 23 (UHF) Virtual: 6 (PSIP)

Affiliations The CW
Owner Grupo Televisa

(through Bay City Television) (Radio Televisión, S.A. de C.V.)

First air date January 5, 1953
Call letters' meaning XE (Mexican ITU prefix)


Former affiliations Independent (1953-1956 and 1973-1986)

ABC (1956-1973) Fox (1986-2008)

Transmitter power 402 kW
Height 215 m
Transmitter coordinates 32°30′7.9″N 117°2′26.8″W / 32.502194°N 117.040778°W / 32.502194; -117.040778

The station is owned by Mexican media giant Grupo Televisa, and its programming and sales rights are held by Bay City Television, Inc., a California corporation owned by Televisa.[1] Televisa is the owner since Mexican law does not allow foreigners to own any media outlets (similar to the U.S. law that prohibits non-U.S. owners of terrestrial television and radio stations). XETV is also carried on DirecTV as a distant CW affiliate.


[hide]*1 History

    • 1.1 Early years
    • 1.2 Transition
    • 1.3 As a Fox affiliate
    • 1.4 San Diego 6
  • 2 Special broadcast authority
  • 3 Digital television
  • 4 News operation
    • 4.1 National attention
    • 4.2 News/station presentation
      • 4.2.1 Newscast titles
      • 4.2.2 Station slogans
    • 4.3 On-air staff
      • 4.3.1 Current on-air staff
      • 4.3.2 Former on-air staff
  • 5 "SD6 Rewards"
  • 6 Radio
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

[edit] History

[edit] Early years

The San Diego market's second VHF station to make it to the air, XETV came into existence because of a technical quirk affecting stations in San Diego and Los Angeles. Even after the Federal Communication Commission's Sixth Report and Order lifted a four-year-long freeze on awarding television construction permits in 1952, signing on a third television station in San Diego proved difficult. While San Diego and Los Angeles are not close enough that one city's stations can be seen clearly over the air in the other, the unique southern California geography results in tropospheric propagation. This phenomenon makes co-channel interference a big enough problem that the two cities must share the VHF band.

By 1952, San Diego (awarded channels 8 and 10) and Los Angeles (assigned channels 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13) already had all but three VHF channels covered. Channel 3 initially had been deemed unusable as a signal because KEYT-TV in Santa Barbara would travel in a straight line across the Pacific Ocean (it ultimately would be allocated to Tijuana Once TV outlet XHTJB-TV). San Diego's first two television stations, KFMB-TV (channel 8) and KFSD-TV (channel 10, now KGTV), were among the last construction permits issued before the FCC freeze went into effect. The UHF band was not seen as a viable option because set makers were not required to include UHF tuners until 1964. Complicating matters, the Mexican authorities had allocated two VHF channels to neighboring Tijuana—channels 6 and 12. Since these were the last two VHF channels left in the area, the FCC did not accept any new construction permits from San Diego as a courtesy to Mexican authorities. One of Tijuana's frequencies, channel 6, had originally been assigned to San Diego before the freeze; it was reassigned to Mexico as a result of the Sixth Report and Order.[2]

Although San Diego was large enough for a third station, it soon became obvious that the only way to get a third VHF station on the air would be to use one of Tijuana's allocations. The Azcarraga family, owners of Telesistema Mexicano, forerunner of Televisa, quickly snapped up the license for channel 6, and XETV signed on in January 1953. At its launch, XETV was an independent station, broadcasting programs in both English and Spanish from its studio facilities in Tijuana.[3][4] Channel 6 also established a business office in San Diego, which handled sales accounts from north of the border. Tijuana did not get its own all-Spanish-language station until 1960, when the Azcarragas signed on sister station XEWT-TV on channel 12.[5]

Even though it is licensed to Tijuana and owned by Mexican interests, for all intents and purposes it has been a San Diego station from the beginning. In the present day XETV broadcasts entirely in English except for station identification purposes, the compulsory playing of El Himno Nacional Mexicano (the Mexican national anthem), technical disclaimers and public service announcements. Because of its San Diego broadcast area, XETV also complies with U.S. policies from the FCC on public service and children's educational programming.[6][7]

In 1956, the FCC granted XETV permission to carry ABC programming. During the late 1950s, the station was also briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network.[8] ABC was carried part-time by KFMB-TV and KFSD-TV at the time, but ABC immediately made XETV its exclusive San Diego affiliate. However, the FCC did not allow American networks to transmit their signals to stations located outside the United States. As a result, ABC programs were recorded (on film, kinescope, and later videotape) from a location north of the border and then physically transported to channel 6's facilities in Tijuana, a practice known in the television industry as "bicycling". While this arrangement legally circumvented the station's inability to acquire a direct network feed, it left XETV unable to carry live network programming, such as breaking news events and some sports coverage.

[edit] Transition

In 1968, ABC renewed its permit to provide programming to XETV with the FCC. Bass Broadcasting, a Texas-based firm which owned UHF independent station KCST-TV (channel 39, now KNSD), contested it and began a lengthy battle to take San Diego's ABC affiliation from XETV. KCST claimed that it was inappropriate for an American television network to affiliate with a Mexican-licensed station when there was a viable American station available.[9] The FCC later agreed with KCST, and in 1972 the Commission revoked channel 6's permission to carry ABC programming. The wording of the FCC decision forced ABC to move its programming to KCST, which was the market's only other station not affiliated with either CBS or NBC in existence at the time, effective July 1, 1973. Dissatisfied with being forced onto a UHF station, ABC stayed with KCST for only four years until moving to KGTV in 1977.

XETV once again became an independent station, with a standard program schedule comprising syndicated offerings, off-network programs, movies, and children's shows. Also, because Mexican broadcast regulations did not limit commercial time[citation needed] (as FCC regulations did at the time[citation needed]) every Sunday, the station, in a forerunner to future changes in the U.S., became, in effect, the first station in North America to carry an infomercial,[citation needed] which consisted of a one-hour advertisement of listings of local houses for sale. As FCC regulations at that time limited television stations to 18 minutes of commercials in an hour,[citation needed] such a program could not have been run on U.S. television at that time.[citation needed]

In 1976 XETV settled into a new business office on Ronson Road in the Kearny Mesa neighborhood of San Diego, while the station's broadcast operations remained in Tijuana. Channel 6's Tijuana-based production and technical operations eventually moved from Mexico to an expanded wing of this facility.[10]

[edit] As a Fox affiliate

XETV's Fox logo until mid-July 2008In 1986 XETV became one of the very first stations outside of the original group of six former Metromedia stations (which had been purchased by Fox's parent company, News Corporation, earlier that year) to join the newly-launched Fox Broadcasting Company as a charter affiliate. Similar to its earlier arrangement with ABC, channel 6 had to receive pre-recorded Fox programs on tape, transported physically across the international border to the station's Tijuana broadcast facilities. When Fox acquired the broadcast rights to the NFL's National Football Conference in 1994, the FCC soon granted a waiver of the rules and allowed Fox to transmit a direct network feed to XETV.

In November 1995, then-UPN affiliate KUSI-TV tried unsuccessfully to wrestle the Fox affiliation away from XETV by filing an appeal, as cited in the United States Court of Appeals case Channel 51 of San Diego, Inc. vs. FCC and Fox Television Stations, Inc. The permit was granted to Fox on behalf of XETV, and the case was settled on March 26, 1996.[11] [12]

During the 1993-1997 television seasons, XETV also aired PTEN programming (most notably Babylon 5), although due to the Fox franchise and logistical reasons, these programs were shown on tape-delay (often on Saturday afternoons) along with other syndicated programs.

[edit] San Diego 6

In March 2008 Tribune Broadcasting announced that its San Diego station, CW affiliate KSWB-TV, would be switching to Fox in August 2008. Fox cited concerns with airing on a Mexican station, even though XETV broadcasts almost entirely in English was as a Fox affiliate for over two decades. The station did not know about the affiliation change until the switch announcement was made public.[13]

The fate of both XETV and the CW affiliation for the San Diego market remained unclear until July 2, 2008, when channel 6 announced that it would be joining the CW .[14] On July 19, 2008, the station began dropping references to Fox, referring to itself as "San Diego 6, your new home for the CW". The San Diego 6 logo incorporates a miniature CW logo in its top left corner for news programming; otherwise setting it off to the right in proportionate size. Instead of being the standard green color, the CW logo is colored a bright blue in non-news advertising to match the station logo's blue, gold and white color scheme.

XETV, upon switching networks, replaced KSWB-TV on DISH Network as CW-W in markets without a CW affiliate on the system.

[edit] Special broadcast authority

Because XETV is licensed to Tijuana, it is not covered under the FCC's must-carry rules. This means that local cable providers are not required to carry XETV, even if the TV station requests to be carried under this provision. However, the station is carried by Cox Cable, Time Warner Cable, and AT&T u-verse in San Diego and by Cablemas in Tijuana.[15]

XETV broadcasts 24 hours a day. However, for legal sign-on purposes and as required by Mexican regulations (specifically Article 41 of Mexico's Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem), its broadcast day begins at 5:00 a.m. Pacific time Monday through Saturday and 6:00 a.m. on Sundays; this begins with the playing of both El Himno Nacional Mexicano and The Star Spangled Banner (the national anthem of the United States), followed by the customary operational information and disclaimer, read in both English and Spanish.[16]

Since the middle 1990s, XETV's production operations have been based in the United States. The facility on Mount San Antonio in Tijuana, where XETV's master control and transmitter are located, receives local programming from San Diego by way of microwave link, and network and syndicated shows via satellite. There is currently no local programming on XETV which originates from Tijuana.[17]

The station also airs Spanish-language public service announcements throughout the day on its analog signal as part of its Mexican license requirements. These PSAs do not air on XETV's cable or digital services.[18]

[edit] Digital television



Video Aspect Programming
6.1 1080i 16:9 XETV programming

In the early-2000s, XETV began transmitting a digital signal on channel 23, becoming the first digital TV station in Mexico as well as the first in the San Diego area because of its Tijuana transmitter; no other Mexican TV station had yet begun digital operations at that time. It maps on digital tuners in both countries as virtual channel 6.1 through PSIP technology.

Whereas the United States completed its transition to full-power digital television in 2009, Mexico is transitioning over several years in stages by population areas, from the largest to the smallest, and is expected to be completed by 2021.[19] The Tijuana metropolitan area is not required to go all-digital until 2016, so XETV did not have to discontinue analog broadcasting when American full-power stations did.

When the original American transition date of February 17, 2009 came near, XETV had expressed intentions to follow other San Diego-area stations in going digital-only. While the US deadline of February 17 had been extended to June 12, 2009 and in any case only applied to American-licensed stations, plans announced were to voluntarily make "San Diego 6" programming digital-only, with the former VHF 6 analog signal re-purposed to carry Mexico City's XEQ-TV.

Claims on XETV's website that the station was indeed going to be digital-only were rescinded on February 17, 2009[20] as the station decided to delay cutting off its analog signal until after it secured approval from the Mexican government.[21] The station's management has now claimed that XETV, the largest English-language station in Tijuana, had decided to extend its analog broadcast to benefit Mexican viewers.[22]

Three major stations in San Diego, KFMB-TV, KGTV and KSWB-TV honored the February 17 transition date as originally scheduled.

[edit] News operation

XETV launched a news operation in 1999, as part of its Fox affiliation agreement to broadcast local news. It had previously had a newscast from sign-on in 1953 until 1967 (Lionel Van Deerlin, later a San Diego congressman, was a news director in XETV's early years). A 10 p.m. newscast was started in 1999, and later that year, a local morning news show followed. The 10 p.m. news was initially a half-hour show, but expanded to an hour in 2002. The 10 p.m. broadcast was dropped back to 33 minutes in 2009. The station continued its news broadcasts under its CW affiliation.

XETV is currently the only CW affiliate with a late evening newscast in the traditional late news timeslot (which on the California side of the market, is at 11 p.m. Pacific Time), which was added after the affiliation switch (though the 11 p.m. newscast, titled "11 @ 11", is only 11 minutes in length, delaying programming by 11 minutes), as well as the one of the very few CW affiliates with a weekend morning newscast.

On March 9, 2009, XETV shut down its sports department, and sports anchors C.S. Keys and Andrea Nakano and sports producer Mike Lamar were fired by the station's vice president and general manager Richard Doutre Jones. Doutre Jones said in a statement, "This had nothing do with the people in the sports department; it had everything to do with return on investment... I think people depend on us for weather and news; I don’t think sports is what they think of." [23]

XETV is currently one of only two San Diego television stations that do not broadcast their local newscasts in high definition; the other station is KNSD.

[edit] National attention

On September 5, 2006, XETV's news team gained national attention, when investigative reporter John Mattes was badly beaten by Sam Suleiman and Rosa Barraza, a husband-and-wife team accused of a real estate scam being investigated by the reporter. The incident was captured on tape and shown on many news programs throughout the nation.[24]

[edit] News/station presentation

[edit] Newscast titles

  • Channel 6 News Up to Date (1970s-1982)
  • Channel 6 News (1982–1986)
  • Fox 6 News (1986–2008)
  • San Diego 6 News (2008–present)

[edit] Station slogans

  • See the Difference! (1984–1987)
  • Local News. Fox Attitude. (1999–2002)
  • Your News at Ten / Your News in the Morning. (2002)
  • Fair. Balanced. (late 2002-2004; similar to "Fair and Balanced" slogan used by Fox News Channel)
  • The Team That Knows San Diego (2004–2006)
  • Your Station for Balanced News (2006–present)
This film, television or video-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions.===[edit] On-air staff===

[edit] Current on-air staff


  • Marc Bailey - weekday mornings (5-9 a.m.)
  • Courtney Dwyer - weekend mornings (7-9 a.m.)
  • Anita Lightfoot - weekend mornings (7-9 a.m.)
  • Lynda Martin - weekday mornings (5-9 a.m.)
  • Heather Myers - weeknights at 10 and 11 p.m.
  • Jim Patton - weeknights at 10 and 11 p.m.
  • Greg Phillips - weekday mornings San Diego Living (9-10 a.m.)
  • Jeff Powers - weekends at 10 p.m.
  • Lynn Stuart - weekends at 10 p.m.

Weather team

  • Kimi Evans - Chief Meteorologist; weeknights at 10 and 11 p.m.
  • Renee Kohn (AMS Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; weekday mornings (5-9 a.m.)
  • Brooke Landau - Weather Anchor; weekend mornings (7-9 a.m.) and weekends at 10 p.m.


  • Antonio Castelan - general assignment reporter
  • Sharon Chen - general assignment reporter
  • Eric Collins - general assignment reporter
  • Carlos Delgado - general assignment reporter
  • Ruben Galvan - morning reporter
  • Jenny Hamel - general assignment reporter
  • John Mattes - investigative reporter
  • Elex Michaelson - general assignment reporter; also fill-in anchor
  • Sherri Palmeri - "Day Trippin' with Sherri" feature/travel reporter

[edit] Former on-air staff

  • C.S. Keys - sports director (?-2009)
  • Andrea Nakano - weekend sports anchor/reporter (?-2009)
  • Aloha Taylor - chief meteorologist (2006–2009)
This film, television or video-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions.==[edit] "SD6 Rewards"==

SD6 Rewards is XETV's viewer loyalty game that superseded a similar viewer game, "Couch Potato", in May 2010. Viewers simply watch channel 6 throughout the day for special SD6 Rewards codes (which only apply on the day given) and answers to trivia questions. If the viewer enters the code and answer the given trivia questions on the SD6 Rewards site, they can earn points to either win or buy prizes, or buy entries to certain sweepstakes. Membership is free.

[edit] Radio

XETV's audio signal can be heard on 87.7 MHz on the FM dial in San Diego, Tijuana and surrounding areas, though at a slightly lower volume than other FM stations due to TV modulation standards. According to its website, XETV will continue its FM service along with its analog TV signal until it converts to all-digital broadcasting.[25]

[edit] References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ McIntyre, Dave (1953-04-25). Afraid of Fortune Tellers?. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
  3. ^ "Media Bytes" for Monday, April 14, 2008
  4. ^ Moran, Kristin C., "The Development of Spanish-Language Television in San Diego: A Contemporary History". The Journal of San Diego History. Volume 50, Winter/Spring 2004, numbers 1 and 2. San Diego, CA: San Diego Historical Society, pp. 47-48, Accessed 11 December 2009.
  5. ^ Ibid., pg. 47.
  6. ^ Ibid., pg. 47.
  7. ^ Contact XETV San Diego 6, Accessed 11 December 2009.
  8. ^ "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films". Boxoffice: 13. November 10, 1956.
  9. ^ Radio Televisión S.A. de C.V. and Bay City Television, Inc., v. Federal Communications Commission, U.S. Court of Appeals No. 96-1438
  10. ^ The Radio and TV Database Project: Tijuana/Tecate
  11. ^ 79 F.3d 1187
  12. ^ Radio Televisión v. FCC, No. 96-1438
  13. ^ "XETV, KSWB Battle For Fox Affiliation In San Diego".
  14. ^
  15. ^ "About Cable Reception",, accessed 8 October 2009
  16. ^ (Flash Video) Youtube - XETV San Diego Sign-on 2007.08.20.
  17. ^'s Tower Site of the Week: XETV, Tijuana/San Diego (Feb. 13, 2009)
  18. ^ "About Other San Diego 6 Technical Questions",, accessed 8 October 2009.
  19. ^ SCT: Transicion a TDT (Transition to DTV) (Spanish)
  20. ^ From
  21. ^ Digital TV switch goes smoothly in San Diego, Alex Pham and Meg James, Associated Press, February 19, 2009
  22. ^ Few calls received on digital switch: 3 local stations opted for Tuesday change, Jonathan Sidener, San Diego Union-Tribune, February 19, 2009
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Camera records attack on Fox 6 News reporter". 2006-09-07.
  25. ^ "About San Diego 6 Over The Air Reception",, accessed 8 October 2009.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.