Radio-TV Broadcast History

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Glendive, Montana
Branding "KX5" (general)

"Montana East News" (local newscasts) "Montana's News Station" (statewide newscasts) "KULR 8 News" (DT2 newscasts)

Slogan "The Choice Cut of Two States"
Channels Digital: 5 (VHF)
Subchannels 5.1 CBS (through

Montana Television Network) 5.2 NBC

Translators (see article)
Owner Marks Radio Group

(Glendive Broadcasting Corporation)

First air date November 1, 1957
Call letters' meaning KX GleNdive
Former channel number(s) Analog:

5 (VHF, 1957-2009)

Former affiliations NBC (secondary, to 2009)

ABC, Fox, UPN (all as part of a mix with CBS and NBC) The Sportsman Channel (secondary, to 2009)

Transmitter power 1 kW
Height 152.4 m
Facility ID 24287
Transmitter coordinates 47°2′39.2″N 104°40′54.9″W / 47.044222°N 104.681917°W / 47.044222; -104.681917

KXGN is affiliated with the CBS Television Network, and also airs news and other programs from the Montana Television Network, a network of CBS affiliates in Montana.

KXGN-TV is owned by Glendive Broadcasting Corporation. Glendive Broadcasting also operates two of the three Glendive radio stations. KXGN radio (1400 AM) and KDZN (96.5 FM) have been owned by Glendive Broadcasting since the late 1970s and 1986 respectively.

[edit] Multiple affiliations[]

In addition to its primary programming, KXGN operates an NBC affiliate on its second digital subchannel; until September 2009, its primary feed carried NBC on a secondary basis in addition to CBS. KXGN was the last "Big 3" station in the US to air more than one network's programming on a single feed.[3][4] In the past, KXGN also carried ABC and Fox programming; the station also carried UPN during the overnight hours until UPN closed on September 15, 2006 to combine with The WB to form The CW network (currently CW programming is seen on cable-only channel CW Glendive, formerly KWZB).

KXGN also offered programming from The Sportsman Channel during the late-night hours on weekends, until that channel restricted availability to cable and satellite systems.

[edit] News programming[]

KXGN airs a five-minute daily evening local newscast called Montana East News at 10:35PM plus a half-hour of local news on Sunday evenings. Emilie Boyles doubles as the station's sole reporter and editor. Former longtime personality Ed Agre[5] was once profiled by Sports Illustrated for his duties in this capacity.[6] "Dapper" Dan Frenzel, KXGN's weekend TV weatherman and radio DJ since April 1964, served as vice president and general manager of the station from 1988 until his death (due to a heart condition) in 2003.[7]

All other "local" newscasts on KXGN are simulcasts from Billings' KTVQ (with the exception of their morning newscast), as an affiliate of the Montana Television Network. The Early Show from CBS is the only news on KXGN in the morning. Similarly, KXGN's NBC subchannel simulcasts the 10 p.m. and Saturday 5 p.m. newscasts from another Billings station, KULR-TV, but morning news programming is limited to Early Today and Today, and KULR's other newscasts are not carried in favor of syndicated programming or infomercials.

[edit] Programming[]

[2][3]KXGN-TV's studios along South Douglas Street in Downtown Glendive, MT.KXGN airs the entire CBS programming lineup from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.; some other CBS programs, particularly daytime programming, are also aired one hour ahead of normal. Until September 2009, KXGN would, at 9 p.m., air NBC programming that is either airing at that time or recorded earlier that evening. While the station did also carry all of NBC's soap operas (Days of our Lives and, until September 2007, Passions) in later years in addition to CBS's, NBC's other programs did not air on KXGN, opting instead to show CBS's programming or local shows.

Even after dropping NBC from its primary subchannel, KXGN has retained the 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. CBS prime-time block intact, opting to show syndicated programming at 9 p.m., including Who Wants to Be a Millionaire on weeknights. In contrast, KXGN-DT2 generally clears NBC programming in their normal time periods.

A full-time NBC affiliate, KUMV-TV from Williston, North Dakota, was and still is available on cable, as well as via a local 2630-watt repeater in Glendive, K13PL channel 13; due to KXGN's NBC-affiliated subchannel and its prior secondary affiliation, this is one of very few situations where a commercial network has, in effect, two different affiliates in the same city.

[edit] Translators[]

Like many other Montana stations, KXGN relies heavily on a mix of broadcast translators and cable TV systems to extend its reach to more viewers.

K13IG is the only translator owned by KXGN—all others are either owned by local governments or television associations.

[edit] Transition to ATSC digital[]

KXGN was allocated ATSC TV channel 10 by the FCC in September 2004[8] after receiving multiple extensions of the original May 1, 2002 deadline to go digital due to financial hardship.[9] In fall 2008, it received FCC permission to place its final post-transition digital signal on its existing channel, VHF 5, reducing the cost of its digital transition by an estimated $100,000 by not simulcasting digitally on another channel during transition.[10]

By 2007, Glendive would be the only remaining US terrestrial television market to have no digital signals at all.[11]

Initial obstacles to small-market digital transition included the limited number of households which would be able to receive the digital signal over-the-air (many depend on repeaters or cable to receive TV at all), the high costs involved and the small number of ATSC TV sets in use in the local area. Costs of installing a new hilltop digital transmitter in Makoshika plus new digital-capable microwave equipment, while undisclosed by KXGN, were estimated to be in the upper six figure range.[12]

KXGN-TV's digital broadcast equipment was scheduled to be delivered just before the original February 17, 2009 shutdown of analogue broadcasting;[13] as of February 15, the equipment had yet to arrive. Once the national shut-off date had been extended, a clearly-unready KXGN opted to take advantage of the new transition date, June 12, 2009.[14] KXGN's digital conversion was completed in June 2009 with relatively minimal disruption.

The exemption of LPTV operations from the 2009 DTV transition requirement left KXGN as an analogue signal for viewers of numbered repeater stations long after the main signal became entirely digital. Individual KXGN broadcast translator sites, however, needed to update their equipment in order to convert the new digital signal back to analogue for rebroadcast; the readiness of these facilities and the availability of the KXGN-DT 5 signal over the air at the individual repeater sites was largely unknown until the transition's completion. While the added capacity available on a digital signal allows the station to dedicate a digital subchannel to full NBC programming (as is currently the case) or even (through Miles City Community College) to obtain Montana PBS feeds, translator viewers retain their existing analogue coverage and do not currently receive any extra channels.

While KXGN was also (albeit indirectly) listed as one of the charter affiliates of the new .2 Network, originally slated to begin broadcast sometime in 2008,[15] as of 2010 this network has yet to sign on and any proposed affiliations therefore remain uncertain.

[edit] References[]

  1. ^ "Market information". Backchannelmedia. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
  2. ^ The Glendive market has 5,000 households; Canada's smallest market, Kenora, Ontario (with CJBN-TV as its only local broadcaster), has about 5,800 households.
  3. ^ "Glendive TV station is one-man operation". Billings Gazette. 2003-10-06. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Glendive Legion honors Agre, Inside glance, Billings Gazette, July 19, 2003
  6. ^ Walters, John (March 19, 2001). "It Doesn't Get Smaller Than This". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  7. ^ 'Dapper Dan' will be missed on the Eastern Montana dials, MIKE ZIMMER, Billings Gazette, Jan 28, 2003
  8. ^ "FCC Report and Order for DTV Allotment" (PDF). 2004-09-23. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
  9. ^ S. Talwani. "Digital Television Coming...Slowly". Montana Journalism Review. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Glendive TV station prepares for transition: KXGN serves nation's smallest Nielsen-rated broadcast market, has rich history, LINDA HALSTEAD-ACHARYA, Billings Gazette, February 15, 2009
  13. ^ TV stations pay high price for digital conversion • RICHARD ECKE • Great Falls Tribune • February 1, 2009
  15. ^ Harry A. Jessell (2008-04-15). "New .2 Network Lines Up First Affils". TVNEWSDAY. Retrieved 2008-04-22.

[edit] External links[]